This is a map of the entire county. Each square represents 10
Chinese miles. The middle line of the
county seat 縣城
is 180 Chinese miles to the south of the capital of the
mountain range, which is 150 Chinese miles to the west, runs west to east.
and other peaks raise their heads high majesitcally in the
The peaks in
are high in the west and the spine of the mountain range ends
which together with other peaks cuts across the spine
horizontally. The various mountains in
form a branch.
form another branch. Most of the mountain ranges that occupy
the west run east. Those in
form a branch.
The various mountains near the county seat and
Mountain form another branch. The mountains that occupy the
east tend to run west.
Other than these, the mountains at
form a branch. The mountains along the four borders are like
tower far away in the sea.
Furthermore, the waterways in the county are divided into the
northern and southern branches. The rivers in the northern
branch meet at
Di Sea 荻海
while the ones in the southern branch converge at
Sancha Sea 三叉海.
Others such as deep ponds, streams, and rivers flow through to
the sea at both their sources and mouths.
River Nafu 那扶
flows straight down to a big sea, making it convenient (to
travel) in that direction.
The terrain in the entire county is high in the central part
with rugged hillsides slanting downwards to steep hills in the
north and south.
Sand sediment accumulated in the water and dried-up rivers
make it difficult for boats to travel through narrow and
Laborers who walk on foot and are carrying poles need to
especially avoid these areas.
Carefully recorded by Zhao Tianxi in the first 10 days of the
9th lunar month in 1893 during the reign of Guangxu Emperor.